ADVERBS – Parts of Speech Lesson 5 – Basic English Grammar – What is an Adverb – Examples, Exercises

Hey there, in this lesson, I am going to teach
you all about adverbs. You will learn what is an adverb,
what are the different types of adverbs and how to use adverbs correctly. We will focus on avoiding common mistakes
in two areas comparative and superlative forms and then
the very important topic, putting adverbs in the correct
position in a sentence. So let’s start. Before we begin, as always,
if you have any questions at all, just let me know in the comments section below,
and I will talk to you there. Alright, so to start, let me ask you a question
what is an adverb? Some people say adverbs
are like adjectives – you know adjectives (words like good, bad, beautiful, tall, short
etc.) they give information about nouns. So people say adverbs give information about
verbs. Well, that’s only half-correct. Because adverbs are very talented words
they can give us information about verbs but they can also give us information about
adjectives, other adverbs and even about whole sentences. Now adverbs are all around us – words like
slowly, unfortunately, very, enough, tomorrow, however,
always and so on and so forth. I’m sure you use adverbs all the time. But why do we use them? Well we use adverbs because they answer some
important questions about our sentences questions like when, where, how, how much,
how often etc. Take a look at these examples: in number one,
‘He ate the sandwich quickly’ – ‘quickly’ is the adverb
it gives information about the verb ‘ate’ how did he eat the sandwich? He ate it quickly. In number two, how beautiful is Tami in that
dress? She is really beautiful (it means very beautiful). So the adverb ‘really’ modifies the adjective
‘beautiful’ that means it gives information about the
adjective. In number three, we have an adverb of place. Can you identify it? It’s the word ‘here’ which
gives us the answer to the question ‘where’. In number four, we have an adverb of time
– which is it? It’s ‘yesterday’ and it tells us when. And in number five, can you identify the adverb? The adverb is the word ‘sometimes’ which
answers the question ‘How often’ – How often
do I drink coffee? Every morning? No, only sometimes. So here you see all the different things
that adverbs can do. And based on these functions
(or the different jobs that they do), adverbs are divided into five common types. Let’s talk about that. OK, adverbs are usually classified as adverbs
of manner, degree, place, time and frequency. Adverbs of manner
tell us how (that is, in what way an action happens). Adverbs of degreetell us how much (very good,
really strong and so on). Adverbs of place and time
tell us where and when. Adverbs of frequency tell us
how often (always, never, sometimes and etc.). Now there are also many other types such as
adverbs of opinion – ‘fortunately’, ‘personally’,
‘sadly’ etc. these help us to express our point of view,
and there are also connecting or linking adverbs like
‘moreover’, ‘however’, ‘on the other hand’, ‘therefore’ etc. But the most important adverbs for us
are the five that we discussed. OK, at this point, I want to give you
an important tip about words that end with ‘ly’.
When you say adverb, people generally think of words like
slowly, quickly, happily, sadly, quietly, loudly and so on. So it’s easy to think that all adverbs end
with ‘ly’. But this is not true. In this chart,
you can see many examples of adverbs that have this ending. Also, there are many adjectives that
have this ending. words like friendly (like She’s a friendly
person) or lovely (what a lovely bouquet – that’s
a bunch of flowers) these are adjectives, not adverbs. So remember:
many adverbs don’t end with ‘ly’ and some words
that end with ‘ly’ can be adjectives. So, now, before we go any further, I want
to give you a quick test and check if
you can identify adverbs correctly. On the screen you see five sentences, and
I want you to identify all the adverbs. You get extra points
if you can say what type of adverb. Pause the video now, think about your answers,
and then play the video again and check. OK, how many adverbs did you identify? Let’s see. In the first sentence, there are two adverbs. ‘there’ is an adverb of place and ‘quietly’
is an adverb of manner – i.e. it says how the action happened. Both of these adverbs modify the verb ‘sat’. In number two,
the adverb is ‘yesterday ’ – it’s an adverb of time. In number three, there are again, two adverbs. One is
‘downstairs ’ – an adverb of place and the second is ‘fast’ – an adverb of
manner. In sentence number four, the adverb is
‘everyday’ and it is an adverb of frequency. And in number five, again two adverbs, ‘well’ which is an adverb of manner – it tells
us that Camila speaks English well – and word ‘quite’
which is an adverb of degree – it gives information about ‘well’,
that is, how well? Quite well. It’s like saying ‘very well’. So did you get all of the adverbs? Alright, now that you know how to identify
adverbs, let’s move on and talk about comparative
and superlative forms of adverbs and how to avoid mistakes
when using them. When we think of comparatives and superlatives,
we usually think of adjectives – more beautiful, less
expensive, stronger, higher etc. But adverbs also have
comparative and superlative forms. These are very easy but many people make a
common mistake here. Let’s look at some examples and
I’ll explain. On the screen, you see two sentences. Both of
these have comparative adverbs. In the first sentence,
“can you please speak more loudly?” So we’ve added ‘more’
to the adverb ‘loudly’ and it becomes a comparative that
modifies the verb ‘speak’. In the same way, in number two,
adults learn things less quickly than children do – that means
children learn more quickly and adults learn less quickly. So the comparative adverb ‘less quickly’
modifies the verb ‘learn’. These two are easy. But here’s where people make mistakes. Now you see two more examples but this time,
I want you to choose the correct comparative form in
each sentence. Stop the video and think about your answers,
then play the video again and check. OK, let’s discuss them. In number three, Leon’s car goes
faster than Benjamin’s. Now the word ‘fast’ can be an adjective
(if it modifies a noun or pronoun) or it can be an adverb
(like here, it gives information about the verb ‘goes’). And the comparative form is always ‘faster’. It’s not more fast or fastly. Both of those are errors. Never say them. And the superlative form of ‘fast’ is
‘fastest’. Like if you want to say “Leon’s car goes
the fastest.” OK and in number four, “Amutha sings better
than Mary does.” This one is a little tricky because if you
don’t want to compare, normally, you would just say “Amutha sings
well.” Well is the adverb. But in this sentence, we want to compare Amutha’s
singing with Mary’s singing. The comparative form of well is better. Never more well or more better. Don’t say them. And the superlative form of ‘well’ is
best. Did you get both of these right? OK, now the important point here is that there
are some adverbs which have either ‘er’ and ‘est’ forms
or irregular comparative and superlative forms. You see some of these on the screen. It’s a good idea for you to memorize these
forms so that you use them correctly. And if you want to learn more about
comparative and superlative forms of adjectives, see my lesson
on adjectives in this series. Alright, now let’s move on to our final
topic in this lesson, and that is the position of adverbs in a sentence. OK, now this is probably where learners of
English make the most mistakes with adverbs. Over the years, many of my students
have asked me “where exactly should I put an adverb in
a sentence? It’s so confusing.” OK, well first let me ask you,
how many positions can an adverb have in a sentence? The answer
is three. There are three possible positions for an
adverb in a sentence. These are: beginning, middle and end. Look at these examples:
In the first example, “Hopefully, my wife will be waiting for me
at the airport” – the adverb is hopefully. It shows my opinion (I hope) and it is in
the beginning or initial position. The beginning position means that the adverb
is at start of the sentence/clause or before the
subject of the sentence. In the next two examples, the adverb is in
the middle position, that is, between the subject and the main
verb. In number two, the adverb ‘often ’ comes
directly after the subject (I) and before the verb (travel). In number three, the adverb ‘still’ comes
after the helping verb (am) and before the main verb
(working). But this is still called the middle position
because it’s not in the beginning or end. In the last example,
you see an adverb in the end position or at the end of the sentence or clause – the adverb ‘beautifully.’ OK, so how do you decide
where to put an adverb? Well, the bad news is that there are many,
many, many, many rules regarding adverb position in English. But thankfully, there’s some good news too. And that is, if you know the most important
rules, you can avoid the most common mistakes. So let’s talk about these rules now. OK, now before I give you the rules,
I’m going to test how much you know. On the screen, there are nine sentences. All nine sentences are wrong. They have errors in the position of adverbs
(the adverbs are underlined). In each sentence,
I want you to correct the error by putting the adverb in the
correct position. Stop the video, think about your answers,
then play the video again and check. Alright, let’s look at the answers. The first two sentences have adverbs of degree
in them. In number one, the sentence should be “Maya
looks extremely angry.” This is because when an adverb of degree (extremely,
in this case) modifies an adjective (like angry), the adverb
should come first. So adverb first then adjective. In number two, the problem is that adverbs
of degree (very, really etc.) don’t usually occur at the beginning. This is just like the last example
but here, the adverb ‘really’ tells us about the verb likes. So the best place to put it is right before
the verb. So Lucy really likes pancakes. Sentences three and four have adverbs of manner. So what about number three? Here, the adverb (carefully)
is in between the verb (placed) and the object of the verb (the candles). This is a very important rule. Never put an adverb between
a verb and its object. A verb that has an object is called a transitive
verb and it loves its object so much, so don’t
separate them. The best place to put the adverb is before
the verb – Jeremy carefully placed the candles on the
cake. In number four, we have an intransitive verb,
that is the verb laugh does not have an object – you cannot
ask laughed who or laughed what (if you don’t understand this, watch my
lesson on verbs). OK so with intransitive verbs (verbs with
no object), we put the adverb of manner after the verb. So The audience laughed loudly at the comedian’s
jokes. And now let’s turn to adverbs of frequency
In number five, what’s the problem? Well the problem is that
frequency adverbs (like always and never) usually go in the middle
position (that is between the subject and the verb) – so
I never watch horror movies. Some frequency adverbs
like sometimes or often can go at the beginning or
end position in some situations. But usually, we put frequency adverbs
in the middle position – before the main verb. That is, except, in a sentence like number
six. If the main verb is ‘be’ or any form of
be – am, is, are, was, were or will be, the frequency
adverb goes after the verb ‘be’ – so Rashida is
sometimes late for work. But this is only for the verb ‘be’. OK, what about number seven? Here, notice here that there
are two verbs – the main verb is carry but there’s also a
helping verb – should (which is a modal verb). When there is a
helping verb, we usually put adverbs of frequency between
the helping and main verbs – so find the two verbs and
stick the adverb in the middle. So You should always carry a
first-aid kit in your car. In number eight, the adverb every year is
in the wrong place it should be at the beginning or at the end
of the sentence it’s a little more natural to put it at the
end. So
I go to my family home for Christmas every year The rule here is that if you have an adverb
of frequency that is definite, meaning it mentions day,
week, month or year, it goes at the beginning or end position. In number nine, the problem is similar – if
you have an adverb that says how many times: once, twice etc.
it has to go to the end – it’s not common to put it
at the beginning or middle position – it has to go at the end. So
Marcos has eaten sushi twice. How many of these did you get right? Now I know that we just looked at a lot of
rules. And you know what, these aren’t all the
rules for adverb position, there are many more. But if you know these rules
the rules that we just discussed, you will be able to avoid
the most common mistakes with adverbs And I promise they will get easier
with time and practice. OK, so in this lesson, we first looked at
what is an adverb then we discussed the different types
of adverbs adverbs of manner, degree, place, time
and frequency and then we turned to avoiding common errors first with comparative and superlative
forms of adverbs and finally, with putting adverbs in the correct
position in sentences Alright, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Subscribe to
this channel for more free English lessons and I will see you in another lesson soon.

100 comments on “ADVERBS – Parts of Speech Lesson 5 – Basic English Grammar – What is an Adverb – Examples, Exercises”

  1. Learn English Lab says:

    Hey there, I hope you enjoyed this lesson. Let me know if you have any questions. Also check out:
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  2. Mahesh Shaw says:

    My house is – to the market ( near). Put comparative superlative and positive degree. What to do? Near, nearer or nearest

  3. rajesh mohanan says:


  4. Santh Sreed says:


  5. Ab Kunda says:

    quietly,school,gym,englishand downstairs

  6. bingcro says:

    wish i had seen this when i was a studemt.thanks

  7. Celina Reyes says:

    why is adverbs is like pronons

  8. masoud bj says:

    In the sentence "I will stay here for a long time", is the "long" an adverb or adjective?

  9. Ravi Kuriveti says:

    Please make vedios of noun clause,adejectival clause and adverbial clauses.

  10. Kinsum Kinga says:

    I don't think comparative of far is father.

  11. Ammar Malik says:

    yar ap k lecture great hote hn ab to mjhe bhi kuch english a gae ha

  12. nutspace says:

    Sir its a humble request to make video…regularly or frequently… So that we can grab more knowledge…. From u…

  13. Mohibbullah Abdul Bari says:

    Sir please I couldn't find out of your lesson that was about everything, everyday, etc, could you send the link about this video please

  14. Clement Vikranth says:

    Sir Adverb gives information about verb, adverb, adjective… U can park ur car here… U said here is adverb can u xplain

  15. Gupta Mandavalli says:

    Hello sir I had dowut in superlatives will you explain

  16. & Entertaiment says:

    Good teaching. Keep it up

  17. S T says:

    Thanks for making these great videos. I have a following question:

    Instead of saying

    Jeremy carefully placed the candles on the cake.

    is it okay to say

    Jeremy placed the candles carefully on the cake.

    Both sounds okay to me and so not sure which one is correct or more commonly used.

  18. Nalini Ganesan says:

    thank you sir .I learnt a lot

  19. Magdalene Fynn says:

    Adverbs is an adjective and a verb🎀

  20. EU Vidos Entertainment n useful stuff says:

    Sir gud afternoon
    In this sentence
    "I sometimes drink coffee in the morning"
    Sometime is adverb
    Coffee is object
    What is morning? In this adjective or adverb

  21. Leny Sinu says:

    And then what is adverbial phrase

  22. Bhargav Ram says:

    ad + verb – adverb


    your lessons are all important, my question is : what to start with in order to learn progressively?

  24. srinivasarao tumu says:

    tell about adverbs sentence in your next video


    What type of adverb

  26. Gopal Sandipeta says:

    Sir ur class are very gud…sir iam poor in English and Grammer is necessary for spoken English ? how I can improve my written skills and spoken skills?..sir pls tell me some tips..tqs for teaching us

  27. Hassan Khan says:

    hi there, i need 8 each in pte and my grammar is not good, can you tell me how should i improve my grammar mean what topic should i study and in which sequence??

  28. EXCELLENCE and intelligence says:

    completely is which type of verb??

  29. Vikas Arya says:

    You are a really good explainer I have watched all your videos

  30. Wasia Masroor says:

    he started crying suddenly.
    Sir! in this sentence, which kind of adverb is used? This is a bit confused.

  31. zeyan gamer 7 says:

    Sir what's the difference between hard/hardly.

  32. Sandhya Rasaili says:

    i don't understand how fast is adverb, isn't it adjective?

  33. Riddles World says:

    Thank you sir…. Thank u so much for such nice explanation 😊

  34. chanti pasupuleti chanti says:

    I am daily watch your lessons in the you tube and I learned where I often make mistakes. thanks you sir

  35. AfreenAli says:

    8 of them right for me yay!

  36. giri darling says:

    Superb sir, i lern a lot
    Speaking skills and grammar. I like your pronunciation

  37. Aran says:

    Hey it’s easy just put the suffix lay on the end it’s make advised e.g slowly

  38. Basavaraja C says:

    Nice teaching sir

  39. Basavaraja C says:

    Your pronunciation is fabulous

  40. Shamimul Islam says:

    Hello sir , How are you. I am watching your video. Your presentation is fantastic. thank you.

  41. Sanjay Yadav says:

    Please teach me hyphen and dash, sir.

  42. Chen Bolun says:

    For the adverbs of manners in question4,I thought laughed is a transitive verb on the “object ” comedian jokes.

  43. Teli Mary says:

    Sir,can you please give me an example that adverb give information about adverb itself and whole sentence 😟😟

  44. Dushyant Luthra says:

    audio – American
    video – Indian

  45. Soffia Buttar says:

    Make a lecture on adjuncts disjuncts and conjuncts

  46. abdirahman aden says:

    hi mrs ganish many thanks for your well beifited lecture. i have question about differentiating between adverb and adj how can i do that?

  47. G lalitha says:

    Here are is related to which parts of speech sir………

  48. Harjot Purewal says:

    Thank you for clear guidance of Adverbs.



  50. Bimaljit Kaur says:

    Excellent job Mr. Ganesh ! I have gone through various videos on you tube regarding lessons on adverbs. however, I find your way of describing adverbs ; their different use, appropriate placement in the sentences and they way you have classified through chart e.g. adverbs of place, frequency, manner are incredible.

  51. Jeong min Youn says:

    Hello. I am foreigner english student who listens your channel. I was always and continuously mistaking my sentence with adverb of frequency and manners. Your lessen have saved me.
    I will keep on see you. Thanks.

  52. My 100cc & I says:

    Nice video…

  53. Sukhpreet Dhanoa says:

    why we have not considered 'morning ' also as a adjective in the example 5 in addition to sometimes since it is also giving information about 'when I have cofee '

  54. Surabhi Gupta says:

    In sentence no 3. What is 'who' ??

  55. Surabhi Gupta says:

    Is it nt relative adverb

  56. Ali Khan says:

    Sir ganesh wonderfull

  57. Yasir Ali says:

    nice work

  58. imad nassiri says:

    i am moroccan i like your explaining

  59. Giri Rajan says:

    Sir can I also have a video based on determiner as I am weaker in it

  60. kanishka Abeykoon says:

    Hi sir.. Is there a word "fastly" in english?? If yes can I say " I ran fastly" ?

  61. sidharth bhoi says:

    The sweeper comes here in the morning.(daily) insert it in correct position. Please sir

  62. Cane Mafija says:

    Is there any rule about adverb order in a sentence?
    For example: At my apartment, last night, a friend of mine spoke loudly around midnight.

  63. nandha kumar says:

    10:11 comparative of irregular adverb "Far" should be "Farther". Looks like a typo citing "father"

  64. kavya B says:

    excellent teaching sir….i want explanation of prefix and suffix

  65. ramsh g says:

    Hi ganesh sir
    Can you teach me to use BE in grammer. And object also. I face some confusion ton object and be

  66. Thera Durham says:

    Wow good teacher

  67. Aswini Thomas says:

    Really.. It was interesting. Your teaching is too good. . But I couldn't understand the position of adverb

  68. Arjun Rana says:

    You are a saviour sir

  69. Sudheesan R says:

    Sir I'm from Kerala.l really felt sad because I didn't get an opportunity to get such a beautiful class like yours when l was a student.You teaching with a difference, which is its uniqueness.
    Your lecturing is so beautiful and earful that a listener can easily be flown along as if in a tide. l regularly see your all videos as l like English, which is a very beautiful Thanks a lot sir.

  70. Uzma Ateeb Saidii says:

    I am going to the party at 7 o'clock… is 7 o clock adverb here??

  71. Alax07 says:

    Nice Video!!!!!!!

  72. laurent serna says:

    Love this guy

  73. BDhananjaya Buddhika Dhananjaya says:

    Thank you sir. Your explanation is very clear. I learnt a lot.

  74. Mriganki kadyan says:

    thx for video

  75. Rifatul Islam says:

    Raja goes to the gym everday

    here, what is Gym???????

  76. Pushparaj R says:

    Hi sir…now I am started to learn communication …if now start how many I take to speak fluent

  77. Monica Banda says:

    when do we use adverbs

  78. anu rana says:

    hello, I really liked your video on verbs. Can you please add exercise after each topic like identifying verbs or fill in the blanks with answers. thank you

  79. Zeyad Usama says:

    Do you have google classroom code if you have can you give me it

  80. Surinder Singh says:

    Hi , I have read a sentence. The sentence is ," Today mass media. SPECIFICALLY visual media, is playing pivotal role in creating awareness among society." My question is why we have used SPECIFICALLY, as it is an adverb. While visual media is considered as a noun. So before visual media there should be an adjective. Is the word SPECIFICALLY wrongly placed? Tell me the construction of the sentence.

  81. Chandra B Anil says:

    Tnq sir

  82. Shakthi Vaishnavi says:

    Hi, thanks for the video. Very informative. Quick question First question: Can you speak more loudly? We can replace this with " Can you please speak louder?"
    In the second sentence, "Adults learn less quickly than children." can we replace it , "Children learn quicker than adults"
    It is confusing to explain when more and less are used with the adjectives. Please clarify or how do we explain this to students.

  83. sabrin omar says:

    just a small notice at 10:13 minutes it was a mistake with the word Far – farther – farthest. thank you

  84. Burhan Bhat says:

    Example of adverb

  85. Kalpana R says:

    You are the best online English teacher.. You keep it very simple and thus easy to understand for a person like me. I have learned something from this video today but not completely.. Hope to master it someday. Have I used the adverbs correctly? Please let me know of any errors.

  86. Kalpana R says:

    Also the classification of adverbs are great to understand.. I really wasn't able to figure out which is adverb and which are adjectives.. Now I can talk about adverbs a little as mentioned in my previous comments I will get it completely someday.I will practice it regularly.. Thank you so much Ganesh for helping people like me.

  87. Dinesh SURYAVANKSHI says:

    I am Vineet of grade 8,would like to learn English from you online can you suggest me the correct path

  88. Hassan Khan says:

    You helped me a lot

  89. Hassan Khan says:

    Can you make a vedio on story writing

  90. Xavier Anik says:

    Please talk Bangla,,, 🙂🙂🙂

  91. Israr Ahmad says:

    Every year l go to my family home for Christmas.
    It is correct or not what the error is?????

  92. Vishwa Vijay says:

    Sir kindly answer this
    New Zealand you are equal world champions.
    Is the above sentence grammatically correct?

  93. krishna kumar says:


  94. challa vinaya says:

    Adverb tells more about a verb

  95. Engr.Majid Amin says:

    Great sir… Love from Pakistan..

  96. Richard Allan says:

    in sentence number four, is gym not an adverb of place?

  97. Ombra Kusain says:

    Thank you so much Sir. You're amazing.

  98. Dolly Prajapati says:

    Keep going are rocking sir.
    I'm searching a teacher like you and luckily I found… you make us in habit to listen you in english and now we can easily understand you what you are trying to explain before subscribe your channel I'm struggling ….


    Iis it right to say “ i want color black”?

  100. M Ashok says:


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