– This is not sponsored. Let’s talk shutter speed, aperture, ISO, all three things that you
need to know how to use without even thinking about it
if you’re doing photography. Let’s compare it to this bowl of cereal. Let’s call it the shutter speed. I could eat it like this. It’s not the best, but it works. It’s definitely better now. Let’s call that milk the aperture. But I’m still missing something. A spoon. Now all three, a much better experience. I can enjoy this cereal the
way it was meant to be enjoyed. It’s gonna work better for me. It’s easier to eat. Tastes better. Makes sense. All three things compliment
each other perfectly. (upbeat music) (techno music) What’s up everybody? Peter McKinnon here. And welcome back to yet
another Two Minute Tuesday. It’s so great to have you here and see all of your smiling faces. Today we’re talking camera basics. Gonna try and keep it to two minutes. Can’t make any promises. But I’m feeling good about it. The cereal analogy to help
those of you that don’t understand that shutter
speed, aperture, and ISO all compliment each other. You can’t use one without
using the other properly. You need all three of them. So to take great photos
and be fully manual and proficient with your
camera, your new camera, or maybe your old camera,
maybe you’re getting back into photography. Those three things, that’s six. Those three things are super important and they go together. So let’s start with shutter speed. Shutter speed controls so
many aspects of photography. If you wanna get someone running fast pace and you wanna stop that action and make sure that photo’s clear. Maybe you’re taking photo’s of your kids or your pets and they’re
running around really fast, and you wanna make sure
that they’re not blurry, having a high shutter
speed opens that shutter and closes it really, really
fast, stopping the action. So let’s throw two minutes on the clock. Good luck to me. So breaking it down one by one. Shutter speed. Here’s an example of me just doing a straight up jumping
jack to keep things easy. We’ll shoot this at one over 320. So that’s 320th of a second. (camera click) Boom, that’s super fast. You’ll notice everything
is nice and sharp. Good to go. Now, if we shoot that photo again, let’s drop the shutter down to a 60th. That’s much slower. (camera click) So it’s opening and
closing over more time. But that also let’s my limbs
and things move in frame because that shutter’s not
capturing it fast enough. So you’ll notice there’s
a bit of image blur. A good example of a shutter
speed moving from fast to slow. Is take a look at this
small little water fall here with the water pouring over. A fast shutter speed stops that action. You can see the water clearly. But if you slow that shutter
speed down to even like half a second it captures
half a second of that flow of water making it look like this. So you can see how shutter speeds affect not only just portraits but landscapes and other items as well. Now aperture kind of has
two uses in photography. Yes, it lets a ton of light
in so you can get those nice bright images and
have fast shutter speeds. But it’s also gonna
change what’s happening in the background. If you’re shooting a
landscape, you wanna be able to see that whole entire landscape sharp, perfectly clear, good to go. So you wanna make sure that aperture is something like eight or 11
or 22 or really, really high to make sure you’re capturing detail. So look at this portrait for example. This was captured with the aperture at F14 is what it is called. So that’s a really, really,
small opening of light. But all the detail is there. Everything in the background. But we don’t wanna see all
this stuff in the background. It’s not the most pleasing background. So if we open that aperture all the way up as wide as it goes to 1.4,
it’s gonna make everything in the background not in focus. Now, we’re gonna have
tons of light coming in because it’s opened all the way. So we’ll have to make
that shutter speed faster, so it’s not capturing as much light. And then when you combine
those two things together you get an image like this. (techno music) The background is more shallow. It puts more focus on the subject. The portrait, the item
that you’re shooting, the person that you’re shooting. And that’s where those
two things come together. Now, like we’ve mentioned
before different lenses are going to give you different results. Not every single lens
can open up super wide. Some are longer than others. Some are short. There’s a myriad of different lenses that do different effects. That’s why we change lenses. That’s why certain lenses
evoke certain emotions. That’s why certain lenses
are used for sports. Certain lenses are used for
documentaries and movies. And that’s what makes
this whole art form fun. Because there’s so many different tools to tell so many different
types of stories. Depending on what you’re interested in. Now where ISO comes into play is mostly in low light
situations, indoors, at night. And then on top of that if
we don’t have enough light, we can crank up the ISO. For those of you who used to shoot film back in the film days, you
would buy certain ISO films. 400 ISO film, 800 ISO film. The best way to explain ISO
it’s kinda like explaining it as fake light. It’s the sensitivity to the image sensor. The actual device in your camera that’s capturing the photo. When we’re changing the
ISO we’re changing the sensitivity of that sensor to light. So just think of it as fake light. You’re inside, you’ve
got your shutter speed where you want it, your aperture is as wide open as it can be but you still need a little more light. But if you got nothing
else you can crank that ISO and technically ad fake
light to your photo. It brightens it up. But with each increment of ISO the brighter it gets, the more you use it, the worse the image becomes. The more grainy it becomes. The more pixilated it becomes. Noisy images is what it’s
commonly referred to. Now the better the camera is the better they are in low light. The higher ISO’s they can
shoot at without getting grainy or noisy. So my recommendation to you is that if you are beginning in photography and you are learning these things, learn them well. Make sure that you know your aperture, your shutter speed, and your ISO. When you know those three things so well you can look at a scene,
you can look at a photo and instantly say, oh my
shutter speed was too high, oh my aperture wasn’t opened wide enough, that lens isn’t fast enough. I could probably bump the ISO. When you know by just
by looking at a photo how to fix it, that’s
when you should move on to the next step. It’s like any other skill in your life that you’ve just forgotten about. When you put your shoes
on you don’t think about how you’re putting them on. You just put them on and you go. So that’s it for me guys. I hope you liked this video. I hope you got something out of it. I’m gonna try and sprinkle
in camera basics videos here and there. There’s a large audience. I don’t think everyone’s
at the same skill set. So I think it’s important
to try to kinda curate some of this content to help people that are further along, and
people that are just starting or somewhere in the middle. Or maybe not sure if they’re interested. And that’s the reason
for a video like this because I realized I don’t have anything like this. So I hope it helped you out. Hit that like button if you did. Subscribe if you aren’t already. And, and, I will see you
guys in the next video. (techno music)

100 comments on “CAMERA BASICS!”

  1. Peter McKinnon says:

    Who likes my cereal analogy!!! 🙂 More Basics?

  2. HKKfilmzYT says:

    Lactose free gang!

  3. Zach Saunders Music says:

    Great video man! I like how you explained the relationship between all three

  4. Zoppitybop says:

    What camera would you suggest for beginners?

  5. jeevitha m says:

    What an energetic speech… Keep rocking dude

  6. Abhinav Singh says:

    And this is my second semester photography subject explained in under 8 minutes😂

  7. JPMicael says:

    This was extremely helpful, thank you!

  8. MB Silver says:

    Thanks Peter, I am just starting off and this helped me a lot.

  9. A bunny that will chew on your cables says:

    Life is like a box of chocolates and photography is like a bowl of cereal

  10. Rio Yang says:

    i got it! thankyou bro

  11. Dindu Muffin says:

    I think I just found my angle. 7/23/2019 12:35 AM

  12. JCAP 63 says:

    This video was very helpful. Not everyone is at the same level so basics are great.

  13. Josh Lee says:

    Before I watched this video, I thought 1/2 shutter speed was faster than 1/320. Great video for beginners

  14. Anneliese Canna says:

    Best video ever!!!

  15. Emmett Bryant says:

    Peter your tutorials are so helpful man! You make it easy for beginners to start out

  16. Jenzterrifico Loco says:

    I can definitely spell ISO now… 🤯

  17. joshx413 says:

    That cereal analogy was awful😂 great video though!!

  18. Shams Iqbal Rhone says:

    💞Someone teach me a sentence to thank this guy💞

  19. dannyfresh says:

    video starts at 2:09

  20. Tamara Weiss says:

    amazing video! getting back into photography and this super helped

  21. Robert Kay Sr says:

    Wow!! Thanks for the video Man.

  22. Atie iekah says:

    it already 2019 and here i am lol. thanks for the info ! <3

  23. Cheap Travels says:

    thank you!!!

  24. Kimber Chick says:

    You're forgetting something for your cereal metaphor… your missing fruit topping! The fruit is like the white balance that completes the combo!!!

  25. Roving Mode says:


  26. SIXTH says:

    already know how to work a camera but still watching cuz I need to glue this information in my forgetful head

  27. Sonya Roseman Actress/Film maker says:

    This guy is so funny!! x

  28. Eric Hacop says:

    More Basics please senior!

  29. Crystal Urteaga says:

    I just realized I don’t have a camera only a iPad 😂

  30. Adi Samsudim says:

    if i'm going into manual setting, how to determine what setting i'm gonna use base on the environment? is there any way to read it?

  31. Joseph Denham says:

    Is there a certain camera you would recommend for a beginner getting into photography/ creating videos?

  32. KiriKatt says:

    This was so helpful. Love your content. Simple, useful, and tastefully funny

  33. larissa 94 says:

    What a awesome video!!! Thank you!!

  34. andreas savas says:

    Great vid


    What is the name on the music

  36. sai supreethi says:

    Super cool…loved the video.

  37. ~jolie~ says:

    Why am I here, I’ve known this since I was like 10 😭
    (Great explanations btw)

  38. Andrea Rus says:

    I want to know the reasons for people NOT liking this video


  39. Suraj Sharma says:

    You got 1 new subscriber . 😉

  40. Elaina Dove says:

    This was very helpful. I have not picked up my camera in a few years and then went to Glacier National Park. Some of my turned out grainy and not as crisp as I wanted when zoomed in (i.e birds and other wildlife). I will use this video to get up to speed again. Thanks!

  41. Just_X says:

    S/O to almond milk and great videos 👍🏾

  42. Aju R says:

    Crystal clear. 👍

  43. Brian Nikoi says:

    That's quite an introduction to the subject. 🔥🔥

  44. Matty Sena says:

    Recently feel in love with photography, realized its what I was missing in life. This helped a lot. Appreciate it ✨

  45. SR71BBFLYER says:

    When I see someone explain something to beginners in layman terms and not use terminology that only a 10 year veteran would understand… gets a “subscribed” from me.

  46. venu dayyam says:

    music is annoying. can't hear properly

  47. A S photography says:


  48. Nguntit Ilot says:

    Eye is like an aperture.

  49. Enrique ramirez says:

    Dude everything about your video is captivating and like I'm just taking regular pictures but I'm really interested in photography like yk.. thanks..

  50. Certified Weenie says:

    Thank you 💕 you’ve taught me so much.

  51. Our Chronic Love says:

    I’ve been trying to figure those 3 things out for a while now. You’ve explained it in a way that helps me understand! Thanks!!

  52. jobel Rahman says:

    Every time he says ‘smiling faces’, I smile instantly so the statement is right. It’s a reflex.

  53. Melissa Tarani says:

    Hey that was an awesome video! I just learned more in those few minutes than any other I have watched. Thank You! look Forward to learning more.

  54. HardPlaceVisuals says:

    What camera is he using to shoot this video??

  55. Joice Mou says:

    MOST USEFUL THING EVER!!!! thank you so so much!! I subscribed because I want to start a photography hobby to distract myself from hard times in life and also create art in different forms, also to see life and beauty in a different eye and different way, thank you

  56. The Box says:

    So wait… if I spend a lot of money I can be good at photography!

  57. Harikesh Mohanan says:

    So what’s the next step

  58. Paolo Mendoza says:

    thanks a lot!!!!

  59. captain heebie says:

    Thx great stuff

  60. Richard Norfolk says:

    I've watched this video a few times and it made sense but it was still hard to get my head around. I'm now in module two, of a 4 module diploma for professional photography (to help me with my vlogging and photography skills) and I've just watched this video again and it blew my mind how simple it sounds this time around! Thank you so much for influencing me to take this path 🙂

  61. yathartha malik says:

    What is the name of this music

  62. Loop says:

    your mannerisms remind me of Jake McDorman from the limitless tv series

  63. Ifeanyi onubah says:

    the tip about lower aperture but higher shutter speed really helped

  64. Vinz Quitain says:

    I swear no one can said it better than him. These are simplified, "artistically" explained details! Great great job!!!

  65. rs keeran says:

    one of the best channel for photographers. Keep it up buddy. Thx for the knowledge that you share with usl

  66. Kaustav Chakravarthy says:

    Great video for beginners, mate. Thanks a ton.

  67. Danielius Vebras says:

    This is exactly how I want my tutorials to be, short&simple. Great work man!

  68. Kali Kal says:

    Great video and to the point. Easy to re watch!

  69. DannyL Gonzalez says:

    me lol thanks peter for the tips appreciate !!

  70. Steven Penny says:

    Great video… Thanks.

  71. Shubham Yadav says:


  72. Veggiesaurus says:

    This was so helpful!! Thank you so much and yes please to more basics!

  73. Gatto Filming says:

    And this video is why I’m subscribing. I’m new to photography and video work and can’t wait to get into it

  74. T. Kalpoe says:

    thank you! so helpful!

  75. JustWagger says:

    just found out my dad has a Nikon D3400 laying around which he never uses, so i picked it up and took a few photos after watching a lot of your video's.
    The thing is that the aperture range of the 2 lenses we have is f4.5 – f5.6, and i have no idea what to do with that lmao

  76. a lx says:

    Man you are amazing, thanks a lot for this video, you teached me a lot really really easy, aaaaand you inspired me, you're great. Thanks.

  77. Peratharan Balasingam says:

    I love your video. And the way you describe and talks
    . Thanks so much.

  78. Atefe Fazlollahi says:

    why so fast?! what is the point? if somebody opens your video that means they want to learn sth not to count the minutes you talk!

  79. Backcountry Backpacking says:

    I kept watching the begining

  80. Dan Spring says:

    Absolutely brilliant. Just got my first camera and you’ve explained the basics perfectly. Thank you 🙏🏻

  81. Ruthlessness says:

    When you learn more from Peter McKinnon in a 7 minute video compared to 4 years in college. 🙃

  82. Steven Solos says:

    This was incredibly informative and I'm new and this is exactly what I needed to help learn the basics… but also I was extremely tired while watching this and my brain decided to pick your nose the entire last half with my cursor.. sorry.

  83. Don White says:

    Thank You for putting these videos out. I think the cereal analogy was perfect.

  84. Alex Okuyemi says:

    How can I apply these basic skills into video?

  85. Xxjmgaming xX says:

    love your videos i hope you help me learn after fx

  86. LANDON MCLEOD says:

    Is there a video monitor you would recommend for a canon 5d mark iv? I would like to attach one to my Ronin s for video production, trying to find the right one!

  87. Krystal Bowen says:

    Love this Peter! Shout out from the Caribbean

  88. Rango_ Bully says:

    That was awesome. I really appreciate your input.

  89. Ieva Putnina says:

    This was amazing! The best I have seen. Yep you helped me out, alright 😊😅😅😅✨👍

  90. Lana w says:

    I think this is my favorite video on youtube! Thanks!!!! 📷

  91. Kerri West says:

    Your informative videos are encouraging me to use my cameras manual capabilities and I’m learning stuff! Thank you!!

  92. Keith Chamberlain says:

    Must be one hell of a camera if you can see my smiling face…?

  93. Steven Allen says:

    Love the simplicity for those of us who are just getting started and using beginner equipment.

  94. Quinton Smith says:

    So, say I just want a bunch of crisp photos. Couldn't I just leave my shutter speed really high most of the time? Is there a reason to lower it?

  95. Chris -Andre says:

    Stopping the action? Like using…The World?👀

  96. TheNeutralizer27 says:

    4:07 .. Just made me say "Ooooo Let me get my camera" Now I am subscribed. THANK YOUUU

  97. Mark Mallorca says:

    I dont even have a camera yet still learning this good habit.

  98. Hausa9ja TV says:

    Yello everyone! i actually created New Channel "Hausa9ja Tv" for Cinematic Effect & Video EditingTools, to show more check it and i will follow back immediately.

  99. [SCAR] Stryker says:

    'Two Minute Tuesday'
    Video goes for 7 minutes

    Btw this video was actually very useful and hopefully it will help me as I am going to try starting photography soon.

  100. jaffasma says:

    Thanks for this
    I always used to use shutter speed the way ISO is supposed to be used

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